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PISAU ANALISA | Mei 17, 2017

PISAU ANALISA

Dalam sebuah penelitian, pasti dibutuhkan sutu pisau analisa. Apa itu pisau analisa?
Pisau analisa itu sebuah teori, wacana, gagasan untuk membedah suatu persoalan.
analisa (analisis) memiliki beberapa pengertian:

1. Penyelidikan terhadap suatu peristiwa (karangan, perbuatan, dsb) untuk mengetahui keadaan yang sebenarnya (sebab-musabab, duduk perkaranya, dsb);
2. Penguraian suatu pokok atas berbagai bagiannya dan penelaahaan bagian itu sendiri serta hubungan antar bagian untuk memperoleh pengertian yang tepat dan pemahaman arti keseluruhan;
3. penjabaran sesudah dikaji sebaik-baiknya;
4. Pemecahan persoalan yang dimulai dengan dugaan akan kebenarannya.
Dari pengertian ini Anda dapat menyimpulkan sendiri apa itu pisau analisa (analisis). Pengertian simpelnya menurut saya pisau analisa adalah kerangka gagasan yang kita pakai untuk menganalisa dan mensintesa tema atau peristiwa tertentu (dalam upaya menemukan solusi).

Analys is detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation.
Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it.

To analyze something is to ask what that something means. It is to ask how something does what it does or why it is as it is.
Generally, all analysis gets beyond mere description and into examination and explanation.

Analysis definition, the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements.

Analysis is an interpretive process that draws conclusions from a set of facts. When you write an analytical essay, you must make that interpretive process.
The process of breaking a concept down into more simple parts, so that its logical structure is displayed.

Philosophical analysis is a method of inquiry in which one seeks to assess complex systems of thought by ‘analysing’ them into simpler elements whose relationships are thereby brought into focus.

1. A systematic examination and evaluation of data or information, by breaking it into its component parts to uncover their interrelationships. Opposite of synthesis.
2. An examination of data and facts to uncover and understand cause-effect relationships, thus providing basis for problem solving and decision making.

The same principles apply to essays. Consider these examples, from a hypothetical final exam in the Core class:

Example 1: This quotation comes from Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents. Here, Freud implies that man will only be happy when living according to the pleasure principle. The pleasure principle leads people to do or desire things that bring them pleasure. Freud presents a good point here, and he uses many examples throughout the text to support it.

Example 2: This quotation contains a central concept of Freud’s psychology: humans are driven by the pleasure principle and are most happy when fulfilling its demands. As Freud notes elsewhere in the text, the ego and superego play the roles of watchdogs, keeping the demands of the pleasure principle in check through the moderating influences of experience (Freud’s reality principle) and morality. For Freud, this battle within the personality gets reflected in a society. The society passes laws that limit our freedom, and therefore our happiness, but encourage order and morality. Freud notes that the exchange of happiness for security is, in the end, worthwhile and necessary to maintaining a civilization.

Analysis does not equal description (but can use description). The second example is clearly stronger, since it “gets beneath the surface,” going beyond describing ideas to examining the relationship between ideas. The writer is clearly “present” in the second example, showing the reader how Freud makes the leap from individual to society. In the first case, the writer only tells us what Freud says, not how or why Freud drew his conclusions.

Using Analysis

There are many sorts of analysis. The ones given “stay within the text.” Another possible analysis might involve applying Freud’s ideas to another text or a current issue. Any analysis will consider the data in enough depth, and with enough clarity, to convince the reader, even one who disagrees with the writer’s conclusions, that the analysis has been made well.

Here are the three steps to a good analysis:

1. Make a direct analytical claim.
2. Provide evidence from the story by identifying a specific plot event or character action–the facts of the story.
3. Explain the link between the analytical claim and the evidence, if necessary.

Peran pisau dalam mengupas buah sama seperti peran teori dalam penelitian kualitatif. Teori sering disebut sebagai pisau bedah fenomena, sekaligus pisau analisis data dalam rangka konstruksi teori baru temuan (Kasiram, 2010). Landasan teori dimanfaatkan juga sebagai pemandu agr focus penelitian ssuai dengan fakta di lapangan. Selain itu landasan teorri juga bermanfaat untuk memberikan gambaran umum tentang latar penelitian dan sbagai bahan pembahasan hasil penelitian.

Pengumpulan dan Analisis Data dalam Penelitian Kualitatif

Berdasarkan hasil observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi yang telah dilakukan pada Bab III, ada beberapa hal yang perlu dianalisis berdasarkan rumusan masalah, yakni mengenai perencanaan, pelaksanaan, monitoring dan evaluasi peningkatan mutu. Untuk menganalisis data tersebut ada beberapa tahapan yang perlu dilakukan yaitu penggolongan, penyaringan kemudian penyimpulan dari data-data yang diterima.

Analisis dilakukan dengan cara analisis deskriptif kualitatif dengan pola pendekatan induktif. Analisis ini berdasarkan pada data-data yang telah diuraikan pada Bab III dan menggunakan teori-teori yang telah dibahas pada Bab II. Adapun tujuan dilakukan analisis terhadap data hasil penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan keadaan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, monitoring dan evaluasi. cara analisis dan interpretasi data point ke empat yaitu menghubungkan hasil-hasil analisis dengan teori-teori pada bab sebelumnya.

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